References and Further Reading


The following publications are recommended as additional resource materials for persons who wish to expand their knowledge or seek further guidance on contact tracing.

Australasian Society for HIV Medicine HIV, Viral hepatitis & STIs resources for primary care providers. Sydney: ASHM,

Buchsbaum A, Gallo MF, Whiteman MK et al. Sexually Transmitted Disease Partner Notification among African-American women Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol.2014 Article ID 619632, 9 pages, 2014.

Bilardi J, Fairley CK, Hopkins CA, Hocking JS, Temple-Smith MJ, Bowden FJ, et al, Experiences and outcomes of partner notification among men and women recently diagnosed with chlamydia and their views on innovative resources aimed at improving notification rates. Sex Transm Dis 2010;37(4):253-8 doi: 10.1097/OLQ.0b013e3181d012e0

Bilardi J, Hopkins CA, Fairley CK, Hocking JS, Tomnay, JE, Pavlin NL, et al. Innovative resources could help to improve partner notification for chlamydia in primary care. Sex Transm Dis 2009; 36(12): 799-83 doi: 10.1097/OLQ.0b013e3181b357f6

Bilardi JE, Fairley CK, Hopkins CA, Hocking JS, Sze JK, Chen MY. Let Them Know: evaluation of an online partner notification service for chlamydia that offers email and SMS messaging. Sex Transm Dis 2010; Sep;37(9):563-5 doi: 10.1097/OLQ.0b013e3181d707f1

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Expedited partner therapy in the management of sexually transmitted diseases. US Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, GA, 2006. Available at: EPTFinalReport2006.pdf [accessed 14 April 2021]

Coombe J, Goller J, Vaisey A et al. New best practice guidance for general practice to reduce chlamydia-associated reproductive complications in women AJGP Volume 50, Issue 1–2, January–February 2021 doi: 10.31128/AJGP-04-20-5330

Dalal S, Johnson C, Fonner V et al. Improving HIV test uptake and case finding with assisted partner notification services. AIDS: August 24, 2017 - Volume 31 - Issue 13 - p 1867-1876 doi: 10.1097/QAD.0000000000001555

Estcourt C, Howarth AR, Copas A et al. Accelerated partner therapy (APT) partner notification for people with Chlamydia trachomatis: protocol for the Limiting Undetected Sexually Transmitted infections to  RedUce Morbidity (LUSTRUM) APT cross-over cluster randomised controlled trial BMJ Open 2020;10:e034806. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2019-034806

Famouri M, Shaw SA, Terlikbayeve A, et al. Partner notification among HCV-positive couples who inject drugs  Journal of Substance Use, Volume 21, 2016 - Issue 1, pg78-84, Published online: 19 Sep 2014  DOI: 10.3109/14659891.2014.960015

Fu X, Ai J, Hu Y et al. Partner notification in cooperation with community-based organizations among HIV-positive men who have sex with men in two Chinese cities Int J STD AIDS. 2016 Sep;27(10):821-31.  Epub 2016 May 1. PMID: 27140946; PMCID: PMC5004245. doi: 10.1177/0956462416648827.

Kingbo MHKA, Isaakidis P, Notification Approaches for Sex Partners and Children of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Index Cases in Côte d'Ivoir Sex Transm Dis: July 2020 - Volume 47 - Issue 7 - p 450-457 doi: 10.1097/OLQ.0000000000001180

Rane V, Tomnay J, Fairley C, Read T, Bradshaw C, Carter T, Chen M. Opt-out referral of men who have sex with men newly diagnosed with HIV to partner notification officers: results and yield of sexual partners being contacted. Sexually Transmitted Diseases: June 2016 - Volume 43 - issue 6 - p341-345 doi: 10.1097/OLQ.0000000000000449

Tan WS, Chen M, Stone IM et al. Partner Notification Outcomes for Men Who Have Sex With Men Diagnosed With Syphilis Referred to Partner Notification Officers, Melbourne, Australia. Sex Transm Dis, 01 Nov 2016, 43(11):685-689 PMID: 27893597 DOI: 10.1097/olq.0000000000000512 

Temple-Smith M, Hopkins C, Fairley CK, Tomnay J, Pavlin N, Parker, et al. The right thing to do: patients’ views and experiences of telling partners about chlamydia. BMC Family Practice Fam Pract.  Volume 27, Issue 4, August 2010, Pages 418–423,

Trelle S, Shang A, Nartey L, Cassell JA, Low N. et al. Improved effectiveness of partner notification for patients with sexually transmitted infections: systematic review. BMJ 2007; 334(7589):354. June  2016 – Volume 43 – Issue 6 – p341-345

Tributino A, Montgomery MC, Bertrand T et al. Partner notification outcomes after integration of an on-site disease intervention specialist at a sexually transmitted disease clinic Published: March 27, 2018

Ward H, Bell G Partner Notification Medicine (Abingdon). 2014 Jun; 42(6): 314–317 doi: 10.1016/j.mpmed.2014.03.013

Wynn A, Moucheraud C, Moshashane N et al. Using partner notification to address curable sexually transmitted infections in a high HIV prevalence context: a qualitative study about partner notification in Botswana BMC Public Health 19, 606 (2019).



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