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References and Further Reading

The following publications are recommended as additional resource materials for persons who wish to expand their knowledge or seek further guidance on contact tracing.

Apoola A, Radcliffe KW, Das S, Robshaw V, Gilleran G, Kumari BS, et al. Patient preferences for partner notification. Sex Transm Infect 2006; 82(4):327-9.

Australasian Society for HIV Medicine (ASHM). HIV and Hepatitis C: Policy, Discrimination, Legal and Ethical Issues. Sydney: ASHM, 2005.

Australasian Society for HIV Medicine HIV, Viral hepatitis& STIs – a guide for primary care providers. Sydney: ASHM, 2014.

Baggaley RF, Boily M-C, White RG, Alary M. Risk of HIV transmission for parenteral exposure and blood transfusion: a systematic review and meta-analysis. AIDS 2006; 20: 805-12.

Bilardi J, Fairley CK, Hopkins CA, Hocking JS, Temple-Smith MJ, Bowden FJ, et al, Experiences and outcomes of partner notification among men and women recently diagnosed with chlamydia and their views on innovative resources aimed at improving notification rates. Sex Transm Dis 2010;37(4):253-8.

Bilardi J, Hopkins CA, Fairley CK, Hocking JS, Tomnay, JE, Pavlin NL, et al. Innovative resources could help to improve partner notification for chlamydia in primary care. Sex Transm Dis 2009; 36(12): 799-83.

Bilardi JE, Fairley CK, Hopkins CA, Hocking JS, Sze JK, Chen MY. Let Them Know: evaluation of an online partner notification service for chlamydia that offers email and SMS messaging. Sex Transm Dis 2010; Mar 26

Cameron S. Groundbreaking New Zealand case on disclosure. HIV Australia 2006; 5(1):34-7 – available at www.afao.org.au

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Using the internet for partner notification of sexually transmitted diseases. MMWR Morb Mort Wkly Rep 2003; 53:129-31.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Expedited partner therapy in the management of sexually transmitted diseases. US Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, GA, 2006. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/std/treatment/ EPTFinalReport2006.pdf [accessed 21 January 2010]

Cowan FM, French R, Johnson AM. The role and effectiveness of partner notification in STD control: A review. Genitourinary Medicine 1996; 72:247-252.

England DO, Currie MJ, Bowden FJ. An audit of contact tracing for cases of Chlamydia in the Australian Capital Territory. Sexual Health 2005; 2:255-8.

Fagan P. Sexual health service provision in remote Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander settings in Far North Queensland: sexual health symptoms and some outcomes of partner notification. Venereology 2001;14:55-62.

Fortenberry JD, Brizendine EJ, Katz BP, Orr DP. The role of self-efficacy and relationship quality in partner notification by adolescents with sexually transmitted infections. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 2002; 156(11):1133-

Golden MR. Expedited partner treatment for sexually transmitted diseases. Clinical Infectious Diseases 2005;41:630-2.

Hodge J, Pulver A, Hogben M, Bhattacharya D, Brown EF. Expedited partner therapy for sexually transmitted infections: Assessing the legal environment. Am J Public Health 2008;98(2):238-243.

Hogben M, Kissinger P. A review of partner notification for sex partners of men infected with chlamydia. Sex Transm Dis 2008; 35(11):S34-39.

Klausner J, Wolf W, Fischer-Ponce L, Zolt I, Katz MH. Tracing a syphillis outbreak through cyberspace. JAMA 2000;284(4):447-449.

Levine D, Woodruff A, Rain Mocello A, Lebrija J, Klausner JD. inSPOT: The first online STD partner notification system using electronic postcards. PLoS Medicine 2008; 5(10):e213: 1428-1431

Low N, Welch J, Radcliffe K. Developing national outcome standards for the management of gonorrhoea and genital chlamydia in genitourinary medicine clinics, Sex Transm Infect 2004; t80: 223-229.

Matthews C, Coetzee N, Zwarenstein M, Lombard C, Guttmacher S, Oxman A, et al. Strategies for partner notification for sexually transmitted diseases. Cochrane Database System Reviews 2001;4:1-32 CD002843.

McClean HL, Joshi UY, Clark A. An evaluation of the applicability of quantitative clinical standards for the management of genital chlamydial infection using an electronic database, International Journal of STD & AIDS 2002;13: 378-383.

McFarlane M, Kachur R, Klausner JD, Roland E, Cohen M: Internet-based health promotion and disease control in the 8 cities: successes, barriers and future plans. Sex Transm Dis 2005, 32:S60-S64.

Mimiaga MJ, Fair AD, Tetu AM, et al. Acceptability of an internet-based partner notification system for sexually transmitted infection exposure among men who have sex with men. Am J Public Health 2008; 98(6):1009-1011.

Rane V, Tomnay J, Fairley C, Read T, Bradshaw C, Carter T, Chen M. Opt-out referral of men who have sex with men newly diagnosed with HIV to partner notification officers: results and yield of sexual partners being contacted. Sexually Transmitted Diseases: June 2016 - Volume 43 - issue 6 - p341-345 doi: 10.1097/OLQ.0000000000000449 Accessed 25 May 2016.


Serpaggi J, Chaix ML, Batisse D, Dupont C, Vallet-Pichard A, Fontaine H, et al. Sexually transmitted acute infection with a clustered genotype 4 hepatitis C virus in HIV-1-infected men and inefficacy of early antiviral therapy. AIDS 20(2):233-240, 2006.

Temple-Smith M, Hopkins C, Fairley CK, Tomnay J, Pavlin N, Parker, et al. The right thing to do: patients’ views and experiences of telling partners about chlamydia. BMC Family Practice Fam Pract. 2010 Aug;27(4):418-23. Epub 2010 May 5.

Tomnay JE, Pitts MK, Fairley CK. Partner notification: preferences of Melbourne clients and the estimated proportion of sexual partners they can contact. Int J STD AIDS 2004;15(6):415-418.

Trelle S, Shang A, Nartey L, Cassell JA, Low N. et al. Improved effectiveness of partner notification for patients with sexually transmitted infections: systematic review. BMJ 2007; 334(7589):354.


June 2016 - Volume 43 - Issue 6 - p 341–345