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Australian privacy laws

The Commonwealth Privacy Act 1988 applies to federal and ACT government bodies and private health service providers. States and territories, other than South Australia and Western Australia, also have Acts dealing with the protection of health information. In South Australia, Cabinet has issued Information Privacy Principles which apply to government agencies. Every jurisdiction now has a dedicated commissioner or committee to handle complaints relating to breaches of privacy, as do registration boards and health complaints agencies. Generally speaking, federal and state laws are consistent; however, the lack of a national scheme has been identified as a matter requiring reform.